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When it comes to post-surgery life, patients need bariatric multivitamins to help maintain a healthy and comfortable life. This is a type of supplement that delivers various vitamins and minerals at higher dosage compared to normal supplements. Most bariatric patients are required to take multivitamins. It allows them to maintain a healthy and stable life after the procedure.

Bariatric surgery is a weight loss procedure for patients suffering from health problems due to obesity. The procedure is not for aesthetic purposes, but to help manage serious health concerns. There are illnesses that require immediate treatment due to their harmful effects on the body. These obesity-related diseases include diabetes, respiratory problems, fatty liver disease, and heart disease.

Bariatric surgeries are done on the stomach and intestines. The main goal is to limit the intake of food, which can help patients lose weight and maintain a healthy body. The surgery can also cause malabsorption or the reduced ability of the body to digest and absorb nutrients. This reduces the amount of nutrients that patients get from the food that they eat.

While malabsorption can help speed up weight loss by absorbing less calories, it can also lead to other side effects like nutrient deficiencies. Patients are more likely to suffer from nutrient deficiency with bariatric surgeries that are performed on the stomach and intestines.

One of the best ways to ensure that bariatric patients still receive essential nourishment is to take supplements. However, not all supplements are good for bariatric patients. That’s why you should look for nutrient-rich bariatric multivitamins if you had the surgery performed.

What Is A Bariatric Multivitamin?

Bariatric multivitamins are supplements that bariatric patients must take after the procedure. Most supplements are for life. This is because patients are at risk of developing deficiencies and other health concerns after the procedure due to malabsorption of nutrients.

Bariatric surgery alters the physical construction of the stomach and the intestines. This limits the amount of food that patients can only eat. However, it also affects the ability of the body to absorb nutrients. Patients also suffer from other side effects after the surgery, which is why having taking bariatric multivitamins is a must.

After the procedure, there are other medicines that patients should take. It is also advisable to look for nutrient-rich multivitamins to ensure that their body can still receive the necessary nutrients for faster recovery. Bariatric multivitamins are different from normal supplements. They contain various types of vitamins and minerals with higher dosage that can deliver the amount bariatric patients need. Bariatric multivitamins also come in forms that are easy to take and digest such as capsules and chewables.

Keep in mind that some medicines and supplements are only necessary to take for a certain period after the surgery. However, bariatric multivitamins are required for patients to take for life.

Best Bariatric Vitamins and Minerals

Bariatric patients need to take multivitamins that contain the most essential nutrients. While it is important to get all kinds of nutrients and minerals, there are certain vitamins that bariatric patients need the most.

Bariatric surgeries can reduce the ability of the body to digest and absorb certain nutrients. Some of the most common vitamin deficiency for bariatric patients include vitamins A, C, D, K, B1, B12, and B19. For minerals, iron, calcium, copper, and zinc are the most common ones. That is why when choosing a bariatric multivitamin, it is important to look for these nutrients. Below are the most essential nutrients for bariatric patients and their role in keeping the body healthy.


Iron is an essential mineral that helps produce new, healthy red blood cells. Lack of iron can lead to anemia and other complications. Some types of bariatric surgery cause food to bypass the part of the small intestine that digests and absorbs iron. Food eaten by bariatric patients may also not be enough to provide the recommended daily intake of iron. This is why the multivitamin you need to take should contain high levels of iron.

Zinc is another nutrient that bariatric patients need in multivitamins. It is necessary for keeping the immune system properly working. Zinc has a lot of functions in the body including wound healing. Deficiency in zinc may cause loss of appetite, poor immune system, skin lesions, hair loss, lethargy, and reduced sense of taste and smell.

Calcium is one of the most important vitamins that a person needs. Bariatric patients need this vitamin even more because deficiency can lead to bone issues such as osteoporosis or osteopenia. Calcium does not only play a role in maintaining the health of the bones. It is also important for nerve transmission and keeping the blood pressure balanced. It is advised to take iron and calcium separately because there have been studies that calcium can reduce absorption of iron.

Vitamin A is one of the most important vitamins that the body needs as it supports cell growth and ensures healthy immune system. Vitamin A also has antioxidant properties that can help prevent diseases such as diabetes and cancer. Lack of vitamin A in the body can lead to health complications. Deficiency increases the risks of developing infections, especially for bariatric patients.

Most bariatric patients can experience deficiency in Vitamin B12, a nutrient that helps make red blood cells. Vitamin B12 also ensures that the brain and nervous system are healthy and functioning. Most of all, it is necessary for the metabolism of cells, especially for energy production. Another type of Vitamin B that patients are recommended to take is folic acid.

Vitamin C is a potent antioxidant that can help improve the defense of the body against diseases and infections. It is also important for wound healing as it supports the production of collagen, a protein found in connective tissues. For bariatric patients, it is essential that they get the recommended amount of Vitamin C after surgery. It ensures that the wounds are healed properly.

Vitamin D is an essential nutrient for mending muscles and bones and maintaining their strength. This vitamin is also necessary so your body can absorb calcium, magnesium, and even phosphate. Vitamin D also has other important roles such as mending muscles and bones, and maintaining their strength. Bariatric patients should ensure that they are getting the daily recommended amount of Vitamin D because it is needed to keep the immune system, nervous system, and the brain healthy.

Patients may need various vitamins and minerals to stay healthy. The best supplement to take is one that provides all essential nutrients. Most bariatric multivitamins also contain extra iron, which is a nutrient that most patients are at risk of developing a deficiency for.

Taking bariatric vitamins do not only help maintain a healthy body. They also ensure that patients do not suffer from complications caused by nutrient deficiencies. Most of all, bariatric multivitamins provide the necessary nutrients that patients need to ensure that their body functions properly.

What is Bariatric Surgery?

Bariatric surgery is a procedure that is done on the stomach and intestines. It is performed so patients can reduce the amount of food that they eat. This is a solution for obesity and other related health problems. Through regulating the amount of food, patients can lose weight fast and achieve a stable weight.

However, due to these procedures, patients can also suffer from side effects. One of them is the malabsorption of nutrients. This means that patients cannot digest and absorb nutrients like normal healthy people do. That is why they must take bariatric multivitamins – supplements that deliver higher doses of various nutrients. This helps prevent risks of diseases and other health concerns.

Types of Bariatric Surgeries

There are different types of bariatric surgeries, four of which are popular among patients. Each one is different in terms of procedure and effects. There are side effects for each of these bariatric surgeries. Patients should consider the benefits and side effects of these bariatric surgeries before having them performed. Below are different types of bariatric procedures and their differences.

Adjustable Gastric Band

Compared to other bariatric surgeries, adjustable gastric banding might be the least invasive procedure. The surgery doesn’t alter the shape, size, or position of the stomach and intestines. What the procedure aims to do is reduce the amount of food that can be eaten by implanting a small silicone band on the upper part of the stomach. This creates a pouch of stomach that can hold the food. After eating, food enters the rest of the stomach. The silicone band is attached to a balloon, which can be used to adjust the tightness of the ring. Because there are no physical changes made on the stomach and intestine, the procedure is completely reversible. Once patients achieve the ideal weight, they have the option to remove the adjustable gastric band.

Biliopancreatic Diversion with Duodenal Switch

Biliopancreatic Diversion with Duodenal Switch (BPD/DS) is a surgery that has two procedures. The first one is a sleeve gastrectomy, where 80% of the stomach is removed. The remaining stomach resembles the shape of a banana, which can hold less amount of food. A small part of the intestine connected to the stomach called duodenum, also remains. The second procedure includes attaching the second half of the small intestine into the duodenum. While a very effective weight loss procedure, there are higher risks with BPD/DS. Patients can experience increased malnutrition after the procedure. However, the effects of this procedure to improve the health of patients with type 2 diabetes, hyperlipidemia, and hypertension is also better.

Mini Gastric Bypass

Mini gastric bypass is just like a traditional gastric bypass, but has a faster and easier procedure. This treatment almost has the same effects as traditional gastric bypass. The difference in the procedure is that traditional gastric bypass cuts off the top part of the stomach to make a smaller pouch. Mini gastric bypass, on the other hand, creates a narrow tube on the right side of the stomach, which is larger than traditional gastric bypass’ small pouch. The small intestine is looped and hooked at the end of this narrow tube. This procedure is considered less invasive than traditional gastric bypass and has fewer risks of complications.

Roux-en-Y Gastric Bypass

The procedure for Roux-en-Y gastric bypass cuts off the top part of the stomach to create a smaller pouch that can only hold a little amount of food. The surgery reconnects the small upper pouch and the remaining big stomach pouch to the lower half of the small intestines. This causes food to bypass most of the stomach and the first half of the small intestine. The procedure is non-reversible and has serious side effects that you should consider. However, Roux-en-Y gastric bypass is one of the fastest and most effective procedures for patients to lose weight.

Sleeve Gastrectomy

With sleeve gastrectomy, only the first part of the stomach is kept. Almost 80% of the stomach is cut off, leaving a banana-shaped stomach. The intestines are kept as is, so there is less risk of nutrient malabsorption. While this is a great option for patients, the procedure also shows slower and less weight loss compared to Roux-en-Y gastric bypass. However, this is still an effective procedure to achieve a healthy weight for patients. Sleeve gastrectomy also has less complications and side effects for patients.

How Does Gastric Bypass Affect Absorption

Bariatric patients are always at risk of deficiencies and other health issues related to malabsorption of nutrients. That is why taking multivitamins is a must for them. Other than limiting the amount of food that the stomach can hold; bariatric surgeries can also cause malabsorption. This is often a desired effect of the procedure since it reduces the calories that the body absorbs from food.

The problem after open bariatric surgery is that it also makes the body absorb less vitamins and minerals. This condition is called malabsorption of nutrients. Open bariatric surgeries alter the physical construction of the stomach. These procedures are more invasive in nature. Permanent physical changes on the stomach and small intestines are made compared to less invasive procedures like adjustable gastric band.

Most open bariatric surgeries are done on the stomach and small intestine to restrict the amount of fats absorbed. The area of the small intestine connected to the stomach, duodenum, is where absorption of nutrients mostly occurs. It contains bile and digestive enzymes that help absorb nourishment from food.

To reduce fats absorbed by the body, the duodenum and some parts of the stomach are removed, causing food to bypass them completely. Because of this, nutrients cannot be digested and absorbed by the body. The malabsorption of nutrients can lead to deficiencies and other complications after the procedure. The best way for patients to avoid these side effects is to take a bariatric multivitamin.

Food passes through various areas of the stomach and small intestines with the normal digestion. Most bariatric surgeries basically create a shortcut for the food, which is why some of these areas digesting food are bypassed. Food and medicine taken by patients after the procedure should be easier to digest.

Chewable Vs. Capsules

Bariatric multivitamins come in various forms, with capsules and chewables being the most popular. There are benefits in taking both types of multivitamins. However, for bariatric patients, capsule is the best choice. Below we break down the pros and cons for these two types of supplements.



Chewables are popular because they are easier to take due to improved flavor. There are bariatric patients who prefer bariatric multivitamins that have great flavor because they are quite enjoyable to take. However, it is important to consider that since the flavor is prioritized, there may be fewer nutrients in chewables compared to capsules.

Chewables also have the same consistency as gummy candies, which make them enjoyable to take. But for bariatric patients, this type of supplement may not be suitable. Bariatric patients can suffer from difficulty in swallowing and digesting food. Chewable supplements come in bigger sizes that patients must chew thoroughly before swallowing.

Bariatric surgeries reduce the ability of the patients to digest solid food. This is why it is better to use supplements that dissolve. Since chewables are also less potent and contain fewer nutrients, patients may be required to take more than one supplement a day.


Capsule bariatric multivitamins are the most popular choice for patients. They are not only easier to take, these supplements are also easily dissolved and digested. Compared to chewables, which prioritized flavor, capsules contain higher dosage of nutrients as well.

Since capsules were made to dissolve after a certain period on the stomach, the reduced ability to break down and digest food does not pose any problem. The capsule is easier to swallow as well, and there is no need to chew them thoroughly. There are capsules free from gluten as well. You can also find brands of bariatric multivitamins that are vegan, which are safer and just as effective as other capsules.

With capsules, bariatric patients are sure to receive the needed dosage of nutrients that they need to remain healthy and strong. With higher dosage of vitamins and minerals, patients will only need to take one capsule a day.

Benefits of Bariatric Multivitamin

Bariatric patients can experience a lot of problems that are linked to malabsorption of nutrients. Due to this, they need to take supplements that can provide the daily recommended intake of vitamins and minerals. Not all types of supplements are good for bariatric patients. Thankfully, there are bariatric multivitamins that are rich in nutrients most needed by patients. Here are the benefits of bariatric multivitamins.

Easy to Take and Digest
Multiple Nutrients
Once A Day
Easy to Take and Digest

One of the side effects of getting bariatric surgery is that patients must eat food that are easier to take and digest. This means that they should avoid supplements that may not easily break down. Bariatric multivitamins are made so patients can still get the necessary nutrients without suffering from the side effects of the surgery. Since bariatric surgeries reduce the ability of the patient to digest food, they should avoid taking normal supplements that are harder to digest.

Chronic nausea and vomiting are also common side effects of bariatric surgery. Swallowing is a common trigger for these side effects. Bariatric supplements are made so they are easier to take. Patients can take them with food or swallow them easily. When choosing which type of supplement to buy, capsules are the best choice. They dissolve easily in the stomach and causes less risk of triggering side effects of bariatric surgeries.

Multiple Nutrients

Since bariatric patients can only eat a small amount of food, they are always at risk of nutrient deficiencies. The malabsorption caused by the procedure also contributes to the increased risk of nutrient deficiency. The food patients eat is not enough to provide all necessary nutrients, which is why they take supplements. However, instead of taking multiple supplements for each vitamin and mineral, it’s best to take bariatric multivitamins.

Bariatric multivitamins provide multiple nutrients that patients need most. Each supplement contains various types of vitamins and minerals that bariatric patients are not able to absorb after the procedure. These nutrients are essential for maintaining the functions of the body and prevent risks of deficiencies.

Normal supplements often just deliver limited nutrients. With bariatric multivitamin, patients can get all the nourishment they need. This type of supplement is created to deliver multiple nutrients at higher doses at once. This eliminates the need for different types of supplements.

Once A Day

Due to bariatric surgery, the body may not be able to digest and absorb as many nutrients like healthy people. This can lead to health problems linked to nutrient deficiency. This is why patients are required to take bariatric multivitamins. These supplements are rich in various nutrients and provide enough nutrients that patients need for a day.

What’s great about bariatric multivitamins is that you only need to take one a day. Bariatric patients normally need a higher dose of nutrients compared to healthy people. This is because they eat less food and their body can also suffer from malabsorption or the reduced ability to digest and absorb nutrients.

Bariatric multivitamins are made to deliver these nutrients with higher dosage. There is a nutritional guideline for the amount of nutrients that bariatric patients need per day after the procedure. Since the best brands of bariatric multivitamins also comply with the nutritional guideline of American Society for Metabolic and Bariatric Surgery (ASMBS), patients can surely get all the nourishment they need every day

Side Effects of Taking Bariatric Multivitamins

Bariatric multivitamins are generally safe to take for patients. They are made to make post-surgery maintenance easier and more comfortable. Taking bariatric multivitamins is not only beneficial – it is required for patients to do so. Skipping bariatric multivitamins may pose other risks to patients such as development of health problems.

Bariatric multivitamins are normally made to deliver higher doses of nutrients. While there are benefits for taking bariatric multivitamin and little to no risk, there are also side effects that patients should keep in mind. Here are some of them.

  • Possible overdose from multivitamins. While this is a very rare case, there is still a possibility that you can overdose from multivitamins. Overdose may lead to stomach cramps, nausea, and vomiting. Only one bariatric multivitamin per day is the general recommendation. It is important to only take the recommended amount or patients can suffer from overdose.
  • Supplements and medications interaction. While normal supplements rarely interact with medications, there is a risk of interaction for bariatric multivitamins. Since the vitamins are taken at much higher doses, the risk of interaction is also higher. Bariatric patients are often prescribed medications after surgery. This helps speed up healing and recovery. However, it is essential that you check which ingredients in medications and supplements can interact with each other. For example, if you have medications that slow down blood clotting, you might be advised to avoid taking too much Vitamin K since it helps blood clotting.
  • Patients may experience nausea and vomiting when taking bariatric multivitamins. Bariatric surgery can be the cause behind the increased nausea and vomiting. However, taking large bariatric multivitamins can be the trigger for this. There are ways you can reduce these symptoms such as taking multivitamins with food or drink.
  • Specific types of patients must take caution and take prescribed amount of nutrients. Some bariatric patients need to monitor the amount of nutrients they need. There are bariatric surgeries that increase the risk of nutrient deficiency. When choosing which bariatric multivitamin to take, they should consider the type of bariatric surgery they had. There are specific bariatric patients that should also be cautious when taking multivitamins as it may cause interaction with their medications. For example, bariatric patients who conceived after the surgery should avoid taking high dosage of Vitamin A. This vitamin can cause a lot of complication during pregnancy including liver toxicity and even birth defects.

Side Effects of Not Taking Bariatric Multivitamin

Bariatric multivitamins are necessary for patients to live a healthier and more comfortable life after the surgery. They do not only provide the necessary nutrients for the body to function well, these multivitamins also prevent other health issues that bariatric patients are at risk of. Below we list the various side effects when patients fail to take bariatric multivitamins.

  • Nutrient deficiencies. Depending on which nutrient your body lacks, deficiencies can have various symptoms. Bariatric patients are at higher risk of experiencing nutrient deficiency due to their inability to digest and absorb nutrients. This is called malabsorption, which may be a desired effect of bariatric surgeries. Malabsorption helps the body absorb less calories, which speed up weight loss. However, this can also reduce the amount of nutrients the body can get from food. This is why it is important to take bariatric multivitamins.
  • Complications. Complications after the surgery are rare, especially when you follow the guidelines for post-surgery care. However, patients can still experience complications when they do not take the recommended amount of bariatric multivitamin. The body needs enough nutrients to function well. Lack of these essential nutrients reduces the ability of the body to protect and regulate itself. Patients may suffer from poor healing, which can prolong their recovery period. Complications like infections are also possible when patients do not take bariatric multivitamins.
  • Weak immune system. With the body getting less nutrients, it also means that the body becomes weaker and more vulnerable to developing health problems. A weak immune system is a possible side effect of not taking bariatric multivitamins. This is not only due to nutrient deficiency, but also to poor body functions.
  • Development of health conditions. Health conditions such as anemia are common after bariatric surgeries. This is the inability of the body to absorb enough iron, which is responsible for creating new, healthy red blood cells. This is only one of the few health conditions that patients can get when they fail to take suitable bariatric multivitamins. Osteoporosis is also a health condition that develops when the body does not receive calcium for a prolonged period of time. Most of these health conditions are just result of nutrient deficiencies that are not solved immediately.

Top 3 Bariatric Multivitamins Brands

When choosing a bariatric multivitamin, it is best to pick those that are from trusted brands. This ensures that patients are getting safe and high-quality supplements that provide the recommended daily intake. Most of these brands also comply with the nutritional guideline of American Society for Metabolic and Bariatric Surgery for bariatric patients.

There are various side effects of bariatric surgery and patients may develop different intolerances and deficiencies. Before you buy any supplement, make sure to consult your doctor first to know which brand of multivitamin you can buy. Some patients have a hard time digesting and absorbing certain nutrients as well. The multivitamin you need should contain high levels of these nutrients to prevent any deficiencies.

Below are the top three brands of bariatric multivitamins and why you should choose them.

Shiny Leaf Bariatric Multivitamins

This bariatric multivitamin is created to help improve the recovery period for bariatric patients. The multivitamin also provides enough dosage of various vitamins and minerals to meet patients’ daily nutritional needs. Shiny Leaf Bariatric Multivitamin is suitable for patients of various bariatric surgeries including Roux-en-Y gastric bypass, sleeve gastrectomy, and adjustable gastric band.

ProCare Bariatric Multivitamin

ProCare Health has various types of multivitamins that patients can choose from. One of the most popular is the Bariatric Multivitamin 90ct Capsule with 45 mg of Iron. This multivitamin offers 22 kinds of different vitamins and minerals including iron, which bariatric patients are at risk of developing deficiencies for.

Bariatric Fusion Multivitamin

Bariatric Fusion Multivitamin is one of the best supplements you can buy from the market. Not only are their products affordable, you can also choose from various types and flavors of multivitamins. What’s great about this brand is that they made sure to comply with the nutritional guideline of American Society for Metabolic and Bariatric Surgery while also making sure that patients can enjoy taking their supplements.

Choosing Your Bariatric Multivitamin

For bariatric patients, multivitamins are a necessity. That’s why it is important to choose the best brand that can provide all essential nutrients with proper dosage. While there are many brands that offer suitable multivitamins for bariatric patients, it is important to consider the brand of bariatric multivitamin and their type as well. If you are looking for the best bariatric multivitamin in the market, here are some tips you should keep in mind.

Consult A Doctor First

There are various side effects that patients can experience after bariatric surgery. Some of the common side effects include malabsorption of nutrients and development of new food intolerances. It is important to consult a doctor and find out which nutrients you need the most after bariatric surgery.

The various types of bariatric surgeries also have different side effects. Some procedure may have higher risk of malabsorption of certain nutrients compared to others. Make sure to have yourself screened for possible nutrient deficiency before choosing multivitamins. It is also important to consider other diseases or medical conditions. Most of all, for patients that are taking medications, consult a doctor to know the right amount of nutrients that you need to prevent interaction between supplements and medicine.

Consider the Type of Supplement

Some patients may have difficulty swallowing or digesting food after the procedure. This is why they should look for multivitamins that are easy to take and digest. Nausea and vomiting are two of the most common side effects that can be triggered by eating. There are types of bariatric multivitamins that are easier to take. This prevents patients from experiencing nausea and vomiting.

Some multivitamins are also harder to digest for bariatric patients that had surgeries affecting their ability to digest food. This is why there are cases when capsules that dissolve after a predetermined period are better than other types of supplements.

Bariatric multivitamins, in general, make patients healthier and live a comfortable life, free from risks of developing health concerns. With these bariatric multivitamins, managing post-surgery life is easier. Most of all, bariatric patients can maintain a healthy and strong body even with limited food intake. Maintain a stable, ideal weight and feel healthier with the help of nutrient-rich bariatric multivitamins.